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Word Study: Pesha – “Transgression”

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Most people assume the Bible has a lot to say about how messed up humans are. And, that is true. It is also true that the Bible’s vocabulary about this topic sounds odd to modern people, using words like “sin”, “iniquity” or “transgression”. So, the Bible’s perspective on the human condition is often ignored or treated as ancient and backwards. This is really unfortunate because, through these words, the biblical authors are offering us a deeply profound diagnosis of human nature. Iniquity refers to behavior that is crooked. Sin refers to moral failure. Transgression is a fascinating word that you for sure have not used in conversation recently. So let’s focus on it for a few minutes. In Old Testament Hebrew, the noun is “pesha” and the verb is “pasha”. In the New Testament, the Greek word is “paraptoma”. They are usually translated as “transgression”, sometimes as “rebellion” and in older translations as “trespass”. These words refer to ways that people violate the trust of others. Pesha describes the betrayal of a relationship. Since there are many kinds of relationships, a lot of different behaviors can be called “pesha”. Like, if two nations are in a relationship, we would call that a “treaty”. “Pesha” would describe the breaking of that agreement. Like in the biblical book of 2 Kings we read, “After the death of King Ahab, Moab peshad with Israel.” This is usually translated, “Moab rebelled against Israel.” But in biblical Hebrew, you don’t pesha against someone, you pesha with them. That is, you break trust with that person. The same idea appears in an Old Testament law about theft. If an Israelite is away on a trip and somebody sneaks into their house and steal something, that is robbery. But, if the thief was your neighbor, it is pesha, because they are someone you should be able to trust. Or, there is a story about Jacob running away from Laban, his uncle. Laban accuses Jacob of stealing some Idol statues. He searches all of Jacob’s belongings and finds nothing. So Jacob shouts, “What is my pasha?” “How have I violated your trust?” But the sad irony is that the statues were stolen by Jacob’s wife who is Laban’s own daughter. Talk about breaking trust. So, pesha involves one person or group violating a relationship of trust with another. This is a really common word in the Bible because it’s one long story about a broken relationship between God and the Israelites. At Mount Sinai, they agreed to worship only their God and to care for the poor among them. But they did not. So God raised up prophets to confront them. Like Micah, who said, “I’m full of power, with the Spirit of the Lord and with justice and courage so I can declare to Jacob his pasha.” Or the Prophet Amos. He accused the Israelites of pesha. Specifically, for idolatry and selling the poor for a pair of sandals. He also accused other nations, like Tyre who profited from capturing whole towns and then selling them into slavery. Or the Ammonites for murdering the innocent to enlarge their borders. For Amos, these are all acts of pasha. They violate the universal trust that exists between all humans who are made in the image of God He watched these leaders ignore or justify the mistreatment of humans in the name of national security or a strong economy. But, for Amos, it was a betrayal of humanity. It makes perfect sense why these prophets associate pesha with words like “treachery” or “falsehood”. In the Greek New Testament, the Apostle Paul develops this portrait of humans as “trust breakers” using the word “paraptoma”. He recalls the story in Genesis about “Adam”, that means “humanity” in Hebrew. In that story, humanity breaks trust with God and seizes authority to discern good and evil on their own terms. Paul calls this the “paraptoma of Adam”, humanity’s violation of trust with God and with each other. It leads to a complicated web of betrayed and broken relationships leading towards violence and death. But, for Paul, that is not the last word. He says, “If death came to all by the paraptoma of a human, how much more will God’s gracious gift overflow to many by means of a human, Jesus the Messiah” Instead of letting humanity destroy itself in treachery, God raised up a human who would allow our pesha to do its worst to him. Here, Paul is drawing on the Prophet Isaiah’s portrait of the suffering servant, the one who would commit no violence or have any treachery on his lips. Yet, he would be counted among those who pasha, bearing their failures and interceding on their behalf. This is the surprising story of the Bible, that God’s response to humanity’s pesha and paraptoma was to be trustworthy on our behalf. The Apostles claim that in Jesus, God took responsibility for our betrayal so that he could open up a new future and a new way to be human: the way of faithfulness, trustworthiness and integrity. That is the kind of human that Jesus was and is. And, it is the kind of humans he wants to create as he faithfully guides our world into the new creation. That is the fascinating story behind our biblical words for transgression. Hey, everyone! You just watched a word story video on the word transgression. It is part of our “bad word” series. You can watch that series and everything else we have got on our youtube channel here or in our website thebibleproject.com We are a crowdfunded non profit animation studio. You can be a part of what we are doing, help us make the next video, all the videos in the future. Check things out at thebibleproject.com

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100 thoughts on “Word Study: Pesha – “Transgression””

  1. BibleProject says:

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  2. Shahan Mughal says:

    You mean Peshwa

  3. Jimholy Long says:

    I guess corporate banks pesha with their borrowers.

  4. Carlos Ferreira says:

    It's hard to find that kind of bíblical comprehension and explanation: profound and simple at the same time.
    May God bless you in the name of Jesus.

  5. Samuel Minde says:

    Wow wow wow

  6. Samuel Haidar says:

    Yesir

  7. Kawaii Senshi says:

    Wow! This was powerful ! Thank you!

  8. Shante Cornelius says:

    Could you make a video on inquity too? I like to know in details the meaning of that also. GREAT JOB ON VIDEOS!

  9. Artia Daniel Hutagalung says:

    Is there a website to ask questions ? About the bible

  10. Marcos Lourenço says:

    Well done. Excellent work!

  11. Mijail Elenes says:

    simply, "Gracias". I needed a clean clear explanation of each book and concept. Your work is fascinating and truly valuable to us who seek clarity.

  12. h4u5er says:

    playing with words, and interpretation…

  13. D Anderson says:

    you guys are the best.

  14. Wolf Counselor says:

    You guys do great work! Very accurate and what a clever way of making the information come to life! God bless, in Jesus name!

  15. Jacob Sprouse says:

    so is the suffering servant Jesus?

  16. Jennifer Neal says:

    So, so good!!

  17. cindy Skee says:

    I love this ❤️

  18. Candy Watson says:

    Wow…

  19. shiran duarte says:

    I'm trying to choose my favorite word, and each video makes it harder for me to do it. THANKS a lot. These more clear interpretations makes all the difference. I wish to you Shalom, all the way from Brazil.

  20. MR. POPO says:

    treason

  21. Kawaii Nelly says:

    I have a question umm is a transgender a sin ?

  22. Khanada TV says:

    Thank you Great Almighty God I love these Revelations. I'm learning so much and I strongly believe everything they explain.

  23. PrimeTime BX,NY says:

    More word studies plz

  24. P Harrison says:

    Jesus is Totally Awesome 🎯

  25. gilleth sandico says:

    Beautiful

  26. Matt King says:

    Forget islam, and the Quran and the stupid muhammed all we need is the bible it's the only truth the true religion

  27. Tacara Jones says:

    I love word studies

  28. JesSavior says:

    0:59

  29. Charles Scott says:

    Love your teaching of God's word

  30. Sonya Siles says:

    How dare you accuse me of what you spent seven years of no trust

  31. 5065ca says:

    cool lesson…I loved it and the animation😀

  32. Bradley Chestnut says:

    Hi! I just wanted to thank you guys for the hard work and insight! It’s always a blessing. I noticed a small error in the biblical citation of the romans quote. It should be Romans’ 5:17, not 5:15. Thanks for the time and for sharing your wisdom!

  33. The Incarnation says:

    Glory to the God the Ultimate Authority! Praises to Lord Jesus the Messiah.
    Thank you for sharing this.
    ❤️✌️❤️

  34. Nann R says:

    The guys voice sounds like a faggot

  35. Chava Bina says:

    Thank you for sharing this very eye opening. God bless your work.

  36. Dan the man 21 says:

    Nice video 📹. Thanks.

  37. Bob Rumsford says:

    There was a time when I was afraid to remove the lenses of "churchianity's" doctrine and tradition. So very afraid that I would discover that it is all a lie, there is no god or truth and the world really is all there is, and we really are just random acts of chance.

    Ha! The scales had been removed from my eyes, my hearing healed and my stony heart replaced with a fleshy one, ready to receive and know and guard (keep) YHWH's Torah (Instructions). The instruction manual for a life set apart from the world.

    Man's own myopic nature is what has allowed ALL of this sliding scale of righteousness. How far we have fallen since the 1st Century. Measuring ourselves against the generation (or two) before us, because we think THAT is the way "churchianity" should be. Slide that scale all the way back to around 30 AD and THEN you can see Whom you SHOULD measure yourself against.

    There is only one author of the definition for living a righteous life and it is the Word of YHWH, written in the Tanak (Hebrew Bible). Our saviour, Yahshuah (Jesus), came to clean up the mess that the religious professionals had created with their Talmudic teachings. Yahshuah clarified, filled up with meaning that which the Pharisees had lowered to a letter of the law doctrine.

    I find it sadly humorous that "the church" loves to quote that "we can do all things with God", well, "except keep the law". Wow, not much of a god they worship. My Elohim, El Shaddai even, says differently (Deut 30:11). "The Law" has nothing to do with salvation and everything to do with walking in righteousness and being worthy of the calling of which we are called (2 Tim 3:16-17). YHWH and Yahshuah used the words diligently/strive in regards to guarding Torah.

    The most beloved men of YHWH did not walk perfectly. They were chastened, punished and stirred the anger of YHWH. But, as is His perfect loving, merciful and gracious way, restoration was always at the end of the chastening. YHWH chastens/corrects those whom He loves (He must love me a LOT).

    The haughtiness of those who call themselves "the church" or "the body of christ", and think that they have it all figured out and will not see any tribulation. I am afraid that the prophets are against you, and as Ecc 1:9/3:15 lets us know, history is cyclic and the shepherds who have taught against the everlasting, unchanging and perfect Word of YHWH, will pay the price in blood (Jeremiah 23:1-4; 50:6, Ezekiel 16).

    If I had not removed myself from the doctrinal errors of "churchianity", I would not know of the coming Greater/2nd Exodus, or that the Mother of harlots is Jerusalem (most likely, still working through this) and there is NO rapture (per say) as taught in various sects of "the church".

    May our glorious creator, bless and keep you and yours.

    All glory, honour, power, praise and blessings be to Him, YHWH and His son, Yahshuah, forever. Amen!

    Shabbat Shalom

  38. Carlos says:

    Whoot!

  39. Sepie Peterson says:

    This is a very good channel!!! I love it! I use it quite a lot…. would you guys make a video about the theme of forgiveness in the Bible?

  40. King's Media says:

    Beautiful!

  41. Nellie Deblois says:

    God wants us to learn to be Faithful, Trustworthy, and have Integrity. So my question is that I am considering changing jobs, I am an infant teacher, and I know parents will be hurt if I change jobs and also know that it will make it difficult for the director. The new job would be closer to my home, could pay me more, have me work with someone I have worked with before, really well. Physically be easier for me. Will have better support for me. I want to be those 3 things, how do you know if I am not doing those 3 things? I am planning to give 2-week notice but don't know if that would give her enough time to find someone else.

  42. Willian k4n4sh1r0 says:

    Top 👏👏👏

  43. slashersam4 says:

    Can you make a video on word "COVET?"

  44. zori9991 says:

    Can i kindly ask if you would do the same video for word GRACE? Highly apreciated.

  45. Fancy Lines says:

    Pesha means crime.

  46. Wendy Barker Paull says:

    I really love how you explain these things so well, and with such great illustration. Thank you! I continue to tell people about your group.

  47. manganume says:

    amazing !

  48. Daniel Bentley says:

    I just found this channel this year and I am overjoyed to see this video

  49. shadow cool dog pink says:

    Hang about to say hell Anthony sing and she scratcying let’s focus on discussion
    Hang about to say hell Anthony sing and she scratching let’s focus on just question ☠️ Altamonte be like saying I can’t see an expression

  50. shadow cool dog pink says:

    I have a blah blah blah

  51. shadow cool dog pink says:

    Mom
    Best
    God
    The
    Frank I need your cat

  52. Christian Ali says:

    Amen [truly]. Ask not only what Jesus would do, but ask what Jesus did do. He did act in a trustworthy manner when no one else could be trustworthy, and he allowed the curse of death to affect him in a manner that to this day many would dream inconceivably violent, but for our sake it was done.

  53. Brandon B says:

    Jacob's wife his cousin

  54. Elijah Huerta says:

    Love you guys

  55. Halitosis says:

    I like how you always include Jesus in your videos

  56. Yubi K. says:

    This is so good.

  57. Chosen Skeptic says:

    Transgression against the mosaic law is sin, the mosaic covenant is replaced with God’s works on the cross. Evil is the syndicalism intent to harm another, which is not sin

  58. Kevin Lee says:

    Yoink

  59. Schatzen Liebe says:

    Thank you always.. 😊🙏 God bless your Channel.. More years to come.. And more generation and Nation will lead to God's love.

  60. Ryan/Little king Mills/ Moshav. Blood Bought says:

    Are you Washed in The Blood?

    1 Cor 15:1-4 KJV

    Rom. 5:9 KJV

    Rev. 5:9-14 KJV

  61. Kassia Gomes says:

    YOU GUYS ARE THE BEST!!!!! this is crazy❤ PERFECT

  62. whatever_ImAGirl says:

    I love how you ALWAYS go back and finish with the great Gospel of Jesus The Lord. Praise Jesus amen

  63. Sherlan G says:

    👏🏾👏🏾

  64. DBoy2029 says:

    Yeah, and also it means to cross a boundary (tides can "transgress" and "regress"). So it's where we get the saying "[Name here] crossed the line."

  65. danlapan12 says:

    Nice video 👍

  66. Débora da Silva says:

    💔 → ❤

  67. fRaz f1X says:

    מישהו יודע מה זה פשע אמיתי?

  68. Samuel Negussie says:

    God bless you…..

  69. Carlos Alvarenga says:

    The black hair guy looks a bit like an actor. =)
    Thank you for the video!

  70. Bradley-Keith [Brusenhan] says:

    There is but one thing and one thing only that a human can be, Not a man. While we are all perpetually being, we are not all hu~mans. Who made who? Who made you?

    Are you alive or undead? To be alive is to be dead. To be undead is to be living. i don't know you, but i do know me and i am grateful to be a living, flesh and blood spirit, made in the image of Yahwh, a man! If your name is written in the book of life, God be with you, [Origin of the term Goodbye.] if not, later may be appropriate but not necessarily desired.

  71. tu no me conoces says:

    🙀🙀🙀🙀🙀🙀👍👍👍👍👍👍

  72. Stephen Dianda says:

    Just beautiful

  73. Rhonda Hauser says:

    Iniquity and transgression simply means to break God’s law the Ten Commandments, that’s what SIN is, breaking the law of God.

    1John 3:4 Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth (breaks) also the law: for sin is the transgression (breaking) of the law.

    Ex 34:7 Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity (breaking Gods law) of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth generation.

    Matthew 7:22 (Jesus speaking)
    22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works (Christians)?
    23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, YE THAT WORK INIQUITY (breaking the law of God, the TC and that’s exactly what the church does!

  74. Paulina Mloka says:

    Thank you!!!

  75. Jennifer Glover says:

    This is an awesome project truly… but the adam an eve part is sad, missing the great truth of forcing us to choose for ourselves and LEARN from our decisions. If they had not eaten the apple the would be no reason for any of it. It was part of the plan. They would have never had children and forever in innocence therefore no reason for a messiah or bible or anything.

  76. K k says:

    I'm still learning from these videos in the year 2020 🎉💫

  77. Lotty Paria says:

    You all brought it on you selves

  78. Jabinson Purba says:

    Thank you

  79. jordan licup says:

    WE MUST BE HUMANE, WE MUST BE HUMAN, AND TO NOT BE HUMAN IS TO NIT USE OUR BRINS TO BETTER OURSELVES AND OTHERS IN POAITIVITY…Im sad that its so ironic that there are people whom claim beleif in the concept of god and yet live ungodly lives and those who dont preach that they have a beleuf in the concept of god live very good and godly lives. Sometimes its not what people say that defines them but qhat they do in life.

  80. Prakash chebrolu says:

    I m Blessed because of this hard work really appreciate amazing job ……

  81. Marino The Natsarim says:

    Sin = Transgression of Torah

  82. Rachel Hernandez says:

    Wow! That was awesome 👍👍👍💖💖💖

  83. Ambassador of Christ says:

    I am team Jesus the Lord! Who is with me?

  84. אח ג'סטין says:

    God is good

  85. Gabriel Wong says:

    ,, this is how Muhammad cannot be a prophet of God because he does not even know this

  86. timelyxo official says:

    So what you’re telling me the fulfillment Jesus sent for was to show them they had free will.. or ..

  87. I am Sohanur Rahman says:

    Interesting.
    In Turkish language, the word PASHA means an honourable administrator of government.
    In Bengali language, PESHA means occupation.

  88. shadow cool dog pink says:

    Bible project is bad
    That’s why it’s not cartoon at. All

  89. dann hienn says:

    sin is the breaking of Sabbath and the other 9 commandments. repentance that leads to salvation is when you do what you are commanded and you keep the 10. christians never tell you this because they do not keep the 10 commandments. their religion is a pagan religion that is non compliant with the 10 commandments. notice how this man never once mentioned the 10 commandments?

  90. Truth Monger says:

    ALL of your video are exceedingly brilliant. Keep up the fantastic work, guys. You are truly gifted and blessed by the LORD Jesus Christ.

  91. Julio Moreno says:

    you guys need to repent of your pasha, or immoral passion.

  92. Bedsi Melissa Wowiling says:

    Thank you!

  93. Jennifer M says:

    Thank you. Thank you very much.

  94. Genesis Ace says:

    Amen, we literally watching this happen right now. Blinded zombies

  95. Ronie Casaljay says:

    PEOPLE DO LOVE TO BE AACQUITED FROM THEIR OWN SINS. ISN'T IT RIGHT? WHY DO YOU THINK IT IS WRITTEN IN THE SCRIPTURE, "WHO EVER WANTS TO FOLLOW ME MUST CARRY THEIR OWN CROSS". HEY SCUM BAGS OF THE WORLD! IF YOU THINK THAT CHRIST IS YOUR SCAPEGOAT, "THEN YOU'RE MAKING A BIG MISTAKE". YOU SHALL REAP WHAT YOU HAVE SAWN. "NOT EVEN SATAN COULD ESCAPE THIS WORD FROM GOD".

  96. L Lewis says:

    Thank you for making the Bible simple to understand.

  97. Moiz Rafay says:

    Powerful how Jesus was counted among those who had transgressed.

  98. Nibbler800 says:

    Interesting that there was a famous nightclub in Ibiza called Pasha (Transgression)

  99. Melchizedeck Deromol says:

    Amen

  100. Topol Surrendo Mndebela says:

    I am in South Africa, Everytime after sneezing I call the name PHASHA , what brought me here was curiosity, coz I didn't know what it meant, thanks , I normally find myself speaking languages I don't understand ,some I speak it when am taking a deep breath, and they take me to India, Greek ,Hebrew ,when I search the meaning

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