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The 3 Ghosts: Character Analysis – ‘A Christmas Carol’ (animated)

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Unlike Jacob Marley, the three Spirits are not depictions of people who have died; instead, they are incarnations of Christmas. The first two Spirits force Scrooge to reconnect with his past (including revisiting some painful memories) and show him how others are currently celebrating Christmas. Finally, the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come gives Scrooge […]

Fred: Character Analysis – ‘A Christmas Carol’ (Animated)

Fred: Character Analysis – ‘A Christmas Carol’ (Animated)

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Unlike Scrooge, Fred symbolises the good in people, as he sets a good example of how we should behave towards one another, particularly towards family. A representative of the middle class, Dickens uses Fred’s character to show generosity towards others, especially at Christmas time. This is seen in Fred’s invitation to Scrooge to celebrate Christmas […]

Learning from the June & November 2019 Exams: AQA English Language Paper 2

Learning from the June & November 2019 Exams: AQA English Language Paper 2

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Hello everybody and welcome to this video on AQA English Language paper 2. Now the November re-sit results came out last week, and with them the examiners’ reports. In today’s video I will take you through some of the key points from the examiners’ reports for 2019, from both the November and the June exams. […]

AQA English Language Paper 2 Question 5 (updated & animated)

AQA English Language Paper 2 Question 5 (updated & animated)

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AQA English Language Paper 2 question 5 is the writing question in Paper 2. It is a 40 mark question, with 24 marks awarded for a05, and 16 marks awarded for a06 Section B builds on Section A. In Section A you were given two sources presenting viewpoints on a topic or theme, and you’ve […]

Learning from the June & November 2019 Exams: AQA English Language Paper 1

Learning from the June & November 2019 Exams: AQA English Language Paper 1

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Hello everybody and welcome to this video on AQA English Language paper 1. Now the November re-sit results came out this week, and with them the examiner’s reports. In today’s video I will take you through some of the key points from the exam reports for 2019, from both the November and the June exams. […]

Jacob Marley: Character Analysis – ‘A Christmas Carol’ (updated & animated)

Jacob Marley: Character Analysis – ‘A Christmas Carol’ (updated & animated)

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Jacob Marley, Scrooge’s dead business partner, is the first Ghost to appear to Scrooge. From the opening line of the novella, Dickens firmly establishes that Marley is dead: ‘Marley was dead: to begin with’ comes as a shock to the reader. These words, which follow the title of the stave, ‘Marley’s Ghost’, promise a supernatural […]

AQA English Language Paper 1 Question 1 (updated & animated)

AQA English Language Paper 1 Question 1 (updated & animated)

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AQA English Language Paper 1 question 1 is supposed to be the exam board’s easy opener and yet last summer, more than 50,000 students failed to achieve full marks in this opening question. In this video I’ll give you three simple tips for hitting top marks in this opening question and you can download the […]

AQA English Language Paper 2 Question 3 (updated & animated)

AQA English Language Paper 2 Question 3 (updated & animated)

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AQA English Language Paper 2 question 3 is the language analysis question, and in this video we’ll look at how language analysis is about so much more than spotting and defining language choices – it’s about writing about their their effect in a specific and contextualised way. AQA English Language Paper 2 question 3 assesses […]

The Cratchit Children: Character Analysis – ‘A Christmas Carol’ (Animated)

The Cratchit Children: Character Analysis – ‘A Christmas Carol’ (Animated)

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Inspired by Dickens’s nephew (who sadly did not live to adulthood), Tiny Tim represents children in Victorian society who were vulnerable because of disabilities. Tiny Tim is loved by Bob, who carries ‘Tiny Tim upon his shoulder.’, and all the family members. This illustrates Dickens’s view, later reiterated in the 1850 Christmas edition of his […]

Mr & Mrs Cratchit: Character Analysis (animated and updated)

Mr & Mrs Cratchit: Character Analysis (animated and updated)

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Scrooge’s clerk, Bob Cratchit, represents the exploited, underpaid, yet hard-working employee. Despite Scrooge’s miserly ways, Bob toasts him, declaring him ‘the Founder of the Feast’. With this action, Dickens draws the attention of the reader to Bob’s Christian generosity of human spirit in the face of financial hardship and ill treatment. This is heightened by […]