Battle of Beersheba – Canadian Frustration – Balfour Declaration I THE GREAT WAR Week 171


Last week the Central Powers made a breakthrough
on the Italian Front, so this week the Allies counter with a breakthrough of their own – on
the Palestine Front. I’m Indy Neidell; welcome to the Great War. Last week the Germans continued their occupation
of the Russian islands in the Gulf of Riga, their combined offensive with Austria – Hungary
smashed through on the Italian Front, they were beaten by the French at La Malmaison,
and they held their ground against the Canadians at Passchendaele. The Canadians were trying again this week,
though. On October 30th, they managed to enter the
ruins of Passchendaele, but were driven back with heavy casualties. They attacked at dawn, trying to take the
Red Line positions not taken the 26th, and the Blue Line positions beyond as well. But the Bellevue Spur, that had frustrated
the ANZACs, loomed large. The Germans hung onto it with torrents of
machine gun fire, but the Canadians took it, though they used up the attacking battalions
in the process. Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry
lost 80% of its officers and 60% of its men. The Edmonton Battalion on its left lost 75%
(Generals). The attacks that day were also made worse
by a shortage of drinking water. It was as hard to bring up to the front as
artillery shells were, and the endless swamp of the battlefield had been poisoned by human
waste and rotting bodies. But the Canadian Corps advanced a half mile,
in spite of the heavy casualties. Commander Arthur Currie now had to bring up
his two reserve divisions for his next attack next week. The British War Cabinet on November 1st updated
its estimates of the cost in men of the battle. Losses for October alone were 110,000. They also pointed out, though, that in a quiet
month the Ypres salient would see 35,000 casualties, so the current offensive was only responsible
for the extra 75,000. “Only”. At a conference addressed by British Commander
Sir Douglas Haig, Alan Brooke wrote, “I could hardly believe that my ears were not
deceiving me! He spoke in the rosiest terms of our chances
of breaking through. I had been all over the ground and to my mind
such an eventuality was quite impossible. I was certain he was misinformed and had never
seen the ground for himself.” But the army would try again next week. There was a breakthrough currently in progress,
though, the Central Powers one on the Italian Front. Italian army Chief of Staff Luigi Cadorna,
when the attack had begun and turned into that breakthrough last week, had not issued
rallying calls to his men, but issued blame, as usual blaming everyone except himself for
the collapse of the armies. Now on the 27th he ordered a general retreat. In the space of four days, the Central Powers
had destroyed the Italian Second Army. On the 28th, the Austrians occupy Gorizia. The next day, the Germans capture Udine, former
Italian HQ, and by end of week, the Italian armies have retreated behind the Tagliamento
River, Germany claims over 180,000 prisoners and 1,500 guns so far. The British army also had big success this
week, in the Middle East. On the Palestine Front, where they had attacked
and failed twice at Gaza so far this year, but now it would be a different attack. They had spent a two-month campaign of deception
aimed at convincing the Ottomans under Kress von Kressenstein that Gaza was again the target,
including having false orders “captured”. A few weeks ago, a British officer had allowed
Turkish guards to chase him from their guard post, and just as he escaped, he dropped a
haversack smeared with horse blood, so it looked like he’d been wounded. The sack contained details of the next “attack”
on Gaza, and the impracticality of an attack on Beersheba. So the British offensive against Beersheba,
under General Edmund Allenby, kicked off October 31st. The Turks were totally fooled and suddenly
saw 40,000 men bearing down on them. The first attackers to go into action were
the New Zealand Mounted Rifles, but troops of the Australian mounted division, the 4th
Light Horse Brigade, in spectacular fashion launched a full on improvised cavalry charge,
using sharpened bayonets as swords. See, aerial recon showed that the Turks had
neither barbed wire nor anti-cavalry ditches. The 4th Brigade took over 1,000 prisoners. (Hart) “At a mile distant their thousand
hooves were stuttering thunder… they were an awe-inspiring sight, galloping through
the red haze – knee to knee and horse to horse…. Machine guns and rifle fire just roared but
the 4th Brigade galloped on… The last half mile was a berserk gallop with
the squadrons in magnificent line… they plunged up the slope… the Turkish bayonets
thrusting up for the bellies of the horses… we heard the mad shouts as the men jumped
down into the trenches… a following regiment thundered over… and to a triumphant roar
of voices and hooves was galloping down the half mile slope right into the town… Beersheba had fallen.” A much larger city was possibly about to fall
as well, but to revolution. On November 1st, there was unrest in Petrograd,
as the Maximalists threaten armed action. This was a radical wing of socialist revolutionaries
mainly active early in the century. They got their name for demanding full implementation
of the maximum socialization of the expected revolution. They also had a much more favorable view of
terrorism than other revolutionaries, endorsing political terror – attacks on members of the
government, expropriations – things like bank robberies, and economic terror – attacks on
property or people like factory bosses. They were often compared to anarchists, though
they rejected that comparison since they generally believed in a popular revolutionary dictatorship,
rejecting parliamentary democracy in any form in favor of a secret disciplined organization
that controlled the general population. They had been nearly destroyed by arrests
in 1906 and 1907 after the abortive 1905 revolution in Russia. They weren’t the only people making plans,
though. Lenin had finally returned to Russia from
his exile in Finland, clean-shaven and disguised with a wig and glasses, to now lead the Bolsheviks
and plot the final downfall of the Kerensky government. Last week, the Bolshevik Central Committee
had met and had voted 10 – 2 for an immediate armed uprising. They finally reached consensus for it to happen
next week at the All-Russian Congress of Soviets. Russia’s Allies were certainly concerned
about the possibility of the fall the Kerensky government, which could lead to Russia leaving
the war. In Britain, the Balfour Declaration was issued
November 2nd. It was a letter from Foreign Secretary Lord
Balfour to Lord Rothschild that expressed Britain’s support for a National Home for
the Jewish people in Palestine. The final discussions leading to the public
declaration were partly about how it could be used to rally Russia’s Jews to persuade
their compatriots to continue fighting, but Colonel Alfred Knox, observing in Russia for
Britain, had written in his diary, “there is evidently not the slightest hope that the
Russian army will ever fight again.” A British Foreign office official, Ronald
Graham, had written to Balfour last week, “Almost every Jew in Russia is a Zionist,
and if they can be made to realize that the success of Zionist aspirations depends on
the support of the Allies and the expulsion of the Turks from Palestine, we shall enlist
a most powerful element in our favor.” It was now arranged for three leading Zionists
to go to Petrograd to rally Russian Jews to the Allied cause. The British Under secretary of State believed
that the situation there could be restored by spring. (SEGUE 5)
But whether or not Russia would fight again, a newer ally was joining the fight in the
field this week. On November 2nd, an American battalion took
over from a French one at Bathélemont. This was the first time regular American troops
had gone into action in the war. The next morning one of their outposts was
shelled by artillery and then raided by 213 Bavarians (Gilbert). This outnumbered the Americans 4 – 1, and
three Americans were killed. Two Germans were killed and one deserted to
the Americans, but the Germans took 12 American POWs. The rest were found with “white, drawn faces
and haunted eyes”. General John Pershing apparently wept when
he heard of the attack. An inquiry concluded that the Americans were
not fully trained and should be taken off the lines. And we come to the end of the week. Canadians frustrated in Belgium, Australians
and New Zealanders victorious in the Middle East, the Germans still breaking through in
Italy, plans for a coup in Russia, and for a Jewish Homeland in Palestine. Think about that American battalion, taking
over the line. I’m not certain if any training away from
the field could really prepare you for the actual brutal reality of modern war. The world had never before seen such wholesale,
impersonal, anonymous slaughter. There is one way and one way only to train
for such combat – experience it firsthand, day after day, and month after month. Of course, this will involve the slaughter
of tens of thousands of your men, but that is what’s going to have to happen to really
train those Americans. If you want to know more about the Americans
that served in Europe but never returned, you can watch our episode from the American
Meuse-Argonne cemetery right here. Our Patreon supporter of the week is Karen
Eastman – help us out on Patreon to make this show better and better and get cool perks
in return. Don’t forget to subscribe, see you next

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100 thoughts on “Battle of Beersheba – Canadian Frustration – Balfour Declaration I THE GREAT WAR Week 171”

  1. RickyBobby BobbyRicky says:

    Did the Americans follow the same war doctrine as everyone else or did they learn from the years of allies being slaughtered?

  2. Pieter says:

    Only 75.000. Imagine that in present days.

  3. Timid_One says:

    Well, the Astros won the world series Indy. Going to get another Astros tattoo now?

  4. Max Grundström says:

    Inb4 October Revolution next week

  5. Joshua张志鸿 says:

    Australians will always charge at places where there is BEER-SHEEP-BAR

  6. ant13665 says:

    i hope that the account of the beersheba charge was contemporary. it illustrates how much written english has changed, and, that a great victory makes wonderful propaganda. one thing that ww1 should have taught the english speaking world is: never believe anything published by a murdoch.

  7. Tom Burns says:

    Great video. Am glad to see the ANZACs recognised here 🙂 For those interested further in the Battle of Beersheba, feel free to check out a video I made about the full battle: I am a descendant of an Australian Light Horse officer who fought that day.

  8. Schmusekatze42 says:

    Would you dare making a video who was behind the Communist movement and especially the coup in October/November. Who financed and armed and trained them in New York etc?

  9. milcoll73 says:

    i see where operation mincemeat had its genesis.

    "PLUNGED up the slope"??????? huhhh???

  10. Daniel Federico says:

    Awesome! The Battle of Beersheba is one of my favourite episodes in the Great War. I keep re-watching this scene from the 1990 film, The Lighthorsemen.

    Also, mounted infantry charge

  11. Benjamin Jones says:

    Oh for the love of truth. Will you kindly stop being so intereting? I will need to live to 275 just to objectively enjoy all of your episodes, ignoring all of the estra research. Thanks for all your hard work you unmentionable expletive deleteds.

  12. Michael says:

    I did like the battle for beer sheba episode in the young indiana jones series

  13. Endeavour says:

    I thought it was a cavalry charge at Beersheba

  14. Mario Cassina says:

    Charles Bronson fro once upon a time in the west his the carbon copy of the young lenin

  15. ConscriptDavid says:

    you should have seen the celebrations in Beer Sheva! If you want, I can give you a comparison map of modern beer sheva and recon map of the brits before the battle 😀

  16. Brad Martin says:

    Hi Indy and team, what were the contributions to the war from the different countries police services?

  17. João Paulo says:

    attila total war music?

  18. Dogsoldier 1950 says:

    Another great show! Keep in mind that Wilson did not allow preparation for entry into the war. The National Guard and Reserve Act of 1916 had not been allowed time to train a effective force. Mobilization came only after the war was declared. I disagree that only combat can be a teacher. Regular Army and Marine units performed exceptionally well after years of training and service. New formations of raw recruits with limited training led by raw officers and NCO folded under intense pressure.

    This would be avoided in WW2 when the NG and Reserves where mobilized in November 1940, more than a year before the war started for the USA. If this had happen in WW1, say early 1916, USA formations would have been excellent shape.

  19. TheIronGunslinger says:

    I wish I had found this channel sooner to go along with you guys through the war. I myself am a military historyphile who’s current lack of documentaries and informative sources is disturbing. What a great idea, and a superbly well executed one. Please keep it up. I’m still catching up, but have any of you been to the National WWI Museum in Kansas City? Not sure how it compares with European ones, but I still feel blessed to have one within driving distance. Thank you.

  20. tokken1122 says:

    Hi. Thanks for the upload. Again great content. Quick question. I was told that the American troops were based in with the Australian troops in the western front to begin with when they first arrived. And it was the Australian troops that trained and introduced them to battle on the western front. Is there any truth to this? Thanks again.

  21. Great Jamie says:

    If I got a penny Haig was optimistic of a breakthrough…

  22. Philip Shehan says:

    With regard to American troops training, and in particular to the question below about them training with Australian troops, that is true. In fact they did more than train. Monash included them in his battle of Hamel. Pershing was not pleased. As I wrote a couple of weeks ago:

    Monash had American troops under his command for the Battle of Hamel, which he set for July 4 1918 in their honour. They were supposed to be attached to learn a few tactics from the experienced Australians , not take part in major battles. When Pershing heard about this almost at the last minute he tried to have the Americans withdrawn. Monash said in effect 'No Americans, no battle' and some American units which had not been withdrawn took part.

    Hamel was a brilliant set piece combining the use of artillery, infantry, tanks and air support, including the use of aircraft to drop supplies to advancing troops rather than burden them as had happened at the Somme. Monash planned to take 90 minutes to take the objectives. It took 93 minutes. Monash paid tribute to the performance of the until then inexperienced Americans. Their enthusiasm got the better of some of them and they got caught up in their own creeping barrage. Pershing made sure Americans were not placed under 'foreign' command again.

    These tactics were again used at the larger major offensive beginning with the Battle of Amiens spearheaded by the Australian and Canadian Corps on August 8, making an 8 mile advance in a single day and which Ludendorff called "the black day for the German army', which began the 'Hundred Day' advance ending in the Armistice.

    Monash like most of the Australian army was an amateur soldier, an engineer by profession and knew how to plan things. He built the electricity system for the state of Victoria after the war. Probably as an amateur, he was not burdened with outdated military doctrine which the professional soldiers were wedded to. His tactics were studied by the Germans when developing the Blitzkrieg.

  23. 57WillysCJ says:

    They should have sent Haig to Palestine so he could have watched a cavalry charge that he always dreamed about. Then kept him there with the Camel Corps.

  24. ArgieGrit01 says:

    Wait what? The 12th attack on the izonso didn't work? no….

  25. Björn Johan Andrésen says:

    I was wondering if you're still going to make videos on stormtroopers of other countries, like Russia and Austria-Hungary

  26. maskedmarmoset says:

    Indy & Crew, Thank you very much for this wonderful series. This episode brings something to the front that has been bugging me for some time: namely, how much did Haig actually VISIT main fronts?

    Places where offensives were stalling out like Passchendale, Ypres, etc? Or for that matter, what of other high commanders like Cardona, Hindenburg, Petain, Lundendorf, etc? How did it compare with more active/successful generals like Mackensen, Curry, Allenby, etc? Personal reconnaissance, "checking the ground", is a basic of any combat leader, and I am familiar with the concept of "chateau generals", but is there any kind of meter-stick of just how MUCH Haig had his head up his fourth point of contact, and reading only reports he wanted to read, and saw what he wanted to see?
    Thanks again, MM

  27. Walter Taljaard says:

    When Russia commited suicide and plunged herself into 70 years of darkness.
    When the foundations were layed for the present troubles in the Middle East.
    And the Americans found out that fighting a modern war is bloody and cruel.

  28. Omri Ravid says:

    9:58 it's pronounced be'er sheva

  29. Edward Camp says:

    I've heard it pronounce always as PerSHing, but Indy keeps saying PerZHing. Is Indy's way correct? I just want to not sound ignorant of the subject when I speak.

  30. orion deschamps says:

    Luigi will be missed I miss getting as much casualties as possible

  31. ChernobylPizza says:

    America should have declared war on the Allies.

  32. caligula says:

    One little Error:
    Lenin didn't arrive from his exile in Finnland, but from Switzerland. He, and other Russian Revolutionaries, made a deal with the German Empire to be let throught Germany by train, and then from there on to (by boat of course) and through neutral Sweden onto Finnland (which was a part of Russia then), arriving at the "Finland Station" in Petrograd.
    I know all this because of my studies here in Bern, Switzerland, whose University not only took on many Revolutionaries after they were barred from studying in Geneva by Alexander III. but also holds a centenary lecture about the Russian Revolution (the one in October, in old Julian calender)
    However, I still want to give my admiration for the series, whose accuracy is normally on an astounding level for the amount of time that is being covered!

  33. Sam Wong says:

    Hi Indi, I am doing an essay on which country had to bear the largest responsibility. I couldn't decide whether it is Austria-Hungary,Russia or Germany. In what major directions should I think who should bear the largest responsibility.

  34. Eugene Krabbs says:

    Luigi Cadorna was the best general. A real hero. For the Austro hungarians.

  35. Alabaster Scarf says:

    Just in time to see my fellow countrymen go over the top for the first time, I've finally, at long last, caught up on The Great War!

  36. Ahmad Niam says:

    special episode of balfour declaration and arabs will explode

  37. Vespelian says:

    Luigi Cadorna, the most consistent commander on any front. A man with a plan. (one plan). I've just binged my self up to date. It is now November 19 (20)17.

  38. Gilbey95 says:

    G'day Indy and team,

    I was wondering if we could get more info on the ANZACs at Beersheba? It is a very important part of our culture and would love to know more. It is known as the last great cavalry charge in history

  39. liedream casinosoul says:

    Not every jew in Russia was a Zionist, the Labour Bund was the working-class socialist, Jiddisch-speaking international organisation that opposed the zionists. But obvioulsy Zionists would serve the English interests in the Middle East, as Bundists was against founding a Jewish state in Palestine.,_Poland_and_Russia

  40. Scrooge Mcfuck says:

    When ever you talk about the Canadian troops I get excited because my great great grandfather fought in the Canadian army from 1914-1918

  41. Selim Khalil says:

    Do you have a credible information about the number of Egyptian soldiers and NCOs that the British used to occupy Palestine?

  42. Pedro G says:

    The Kiwis in full Rohan style.

  43. Marc says:

    Too bad you were not at the 100th year commemoration of Beersheba (hot summer weather). I didn't realize it was a few days ago in Israel. Here is a very interesting presentation on it with footage of interview with the veterans:

  44. Aleksandar Kan says:

    next year will be the most interesting year on the balkans

  45. Chris Williams says:

    They're doing a re enactment of the charge of the Light Horse soon. A great story which is still celebrated in Israel today.

  46. Marc says:

    The Balfour declaration was a signpost to the reconstruction of the Jewish state, not the cause!. In hindsight it is a signpost on the way of creating a new Jewish state in the place of Judea (Syria, used to be Assyria) and an independent Egypt etc etc. But these events are not just the result of a piece of paper but what happened ON THE GROUND afterwards. Having studied history on of the fallacies is thinking that an event in the past will automatically lead to the next event because it was in the past. More had to happen. It is a little too easy to blame everything on the Balfour declaration (some European superpower guilt still relevant a 100 years later? )

  47. GntSquid says:

    Whats with those men at 56 seconds being so calm and slow moving with explosions next to them?

  48. Fede98k says:

    It's near, I feel it ahhhhhhhhhhh!!!!! xD

    ps You know what happen is November 1917 right xD?

  49. Suhaib Is Epic says:

    Man, Been waiting over a year for this part of the War.. Palestine Front

  50. John Alexander says:

    I wonder if the Austrians ever tried to make the Italians fight amongst themselves like the Germans were successfully able to do in Russia.

  51. Sven Nemet says:

    first time in life that I did not skip Ad!

  52. Marek Dohojda says:

    Attach on Beersheba was Haig wet dream. He must have loved it, and many people died later as result of it (as he would push for breakthrough even harder).

  53. Halinspark says:

    Would it not have been easier in the lead-up to American participation to put American troops into the British and French lines? Then many of the American troops gain battle experience while the rest are being trained and mobilized, and their allies get extra help while rotating front line troops with reserves. Then once the bulk of the American forces are ready, they would have a veteran core waiting for them.

  54. Mark.M says:

    7:01 The Rothschilds are everywhere.

  55. Admiral Thrawn says:

    You should totally do an episode on Richard Meinertzhagen

  56. Rob Camp says:

    Do people like Cadorna ever get a comeuppance? I know Enver Pasha does (yay), but christ Cadorna was awful.

  57. Christian Schäpper says:

    Can't say I've ever heard Rothschild be mispronounced so badly.

  58. Tyson Clark says:

    Canadians/Canadiens love you

  59. Jovan Weismiller says:

    Princess Patricia's Light Infantry is also an Edmonton Regiment. It sounds like my old hometown got hit pretty hard this week.

  60. Allen Kneale says:

    Haig would have been confident of a breakthrough even if the Kaiser was standing on the edge of the English Channel.

  61. telsah1 says:

    Well done awesome hero horses. May you have been given fields of Gold grass and hay to enjoy forever in heaven where you are.  & warm blessing you sunshine to keep you happy forever and ever. Amen.

  62. Sol Invictus says:

    28 October: Cadorna accused the italian army of cowardice.

    29-30 October, Battle of Pozzuolo del Friuli: 1 cavalry brigade (the 4th Cavalry Regiment "Genova Cavalleria" and the 5th Cavalry Regiment "Lancieri di Novara") and 1 infatry brigade (the "Bergamo" Infantry Brigade) fought against Austro-Hungarians (1 division) and Germans (2 divisions) covering the flight of the remnants of the Italian 3rd Army. It was a suicide mission. By nightfall the cavalry brigade had lost 467 of its 968 men while the infantry brigade was completely destroyed.

    30 October-1 November, Battle of Mt. Ragogna: the German 12th Division tried to to capture the Pinzano bridge over the Tagliamento river but the Germans were drove back by a counter attack launched by the "Bologna" Brigade who were stationed on the Mt. Ragogna. Eventually the bridge was destroyed by the Italian army at 11a.m. the 1st of November and the "Bologna" Brigade was left the right bank of the Tagliamento river but the soldiers continued to fight until twilight to slow down the enemy troops. When they surrendered, surrounded by German and Austro-Hungarian soldiers, Otto Von Below granted to the italian brigade the honours of war.

  63. ADRIAN G says:

    found it

  64. Bob diclson says:

    Nothing will make you feel like a crusader like fighting horseback in the holyland

  65. crazygrainger2006 says:

    I was in Beersheba for the centenary of the battle. I was in the Australian Marching Band leading 100 riders through the streets of the city.

  66. Eru Pendragon says:

    The way you trough casualty numbers around makes me literal sick. I have seen dozens dead… imagining thousands is more than I can stomach.

    Most interesting is that if the US army (for example) had 10,000 casualties in 1 day it would be a political disaster. The kind that would see governments purged, and the army rearranged.

  67. Christian Gilliam says:

    Indy, is this the Italian retreat the one Hemingway delineates in 'Farewell to Arms'? Perhaps an episode on Hemingway's involvement in WW1 is worth an episode, if not already existent.

  68. Vincent Loparo III says:

    that Maximists are here in America known as Antifa

  69. Dr. Harmonica says:

    I am looking at the items on your beautiful ancient desk. On my right, I see what I believe to be a Nepalese Gurkha kukri knife. It must be dangerous in your studio for you need such a serious bladed weapon to protect yourself perhaps from disgruntled viewers. On the other side, I see what I believe to be the scabbard for the knife. Those triangular spikes must be to foil attacking cavalry.You never know when a bunch of horses will come galloping through your studio bent on mayhem. Bad luck for the poor German soldier who was wearing the helmet with the bullet hole in it. Methinks his head was drilled through and through. Is there an interesting story about the grey trunk behind the desk? The one item I can't identify is the turtle shell looking thingy behind the spikes. In any event, you and your crew are doing a fantastic job. This is one of my most favorite Youtube channels.

  70. Oliver Groom says:

    Indy, I am curious as to what source(s) you got about the German raid on the American battalion. I have been writing my senior thesis for college on the brutal realities of the American soldier experience in World War I, with an emphasis on combat and life in the trenches. Whilst researching, I had actually found a source that talked about a German artillery barrage against an American engineer regiment in a town near Cambrai, but this took place a couple months earlier than the raid you speak of. The regiment only sustained two men injured from the attack, which to my knowledge were the first real American casualties of the war. Also, the regiment would later take part in the Battle of Cambrai along with two other engineer regiments, and actually sustained greater casualties during the German counterattack on November 30th.

    If anyone can find the source(s) about the American battalion and the raid, I would very much appreciate it!

  71. MasterTallness says:

    Wait, Lenin actually hid himself under a wig and glasses…AND IT WORKED?!

  72. dird89 says:

    The Americans suck

  73. chris paterson says:

    so proud of the Australian light horse

  74. Hugh Trotter says:

    My great grandfather was in the charge at Beersheba, I get chills every time I hear the story told and feel massive pride and awe at what the men and horses achieved. Being classed as mounted infantry, I believe was key to the success of the charge. Reports I’ve read say that the Turkish rifles and field gun sights were still set at long range as they expected the light horsemen to dismount and fight on foot.

  75. Tooth Fairy says:

    just saying, it's pronounced Beer She'eba

  76. Michael Freed says:

    @The Great War: are you aware that many historians treat the signing of the Treaty of Balfour as having been done in secret? and that this led to much of the anti-Jewish sentiment in Germany that would later rear its ugly head in the next world war? isn't the only example of this.
    It would be great for someone who can access the reported timeline of this whole affair to reconstruct it. Many things in history get distorted after the fact. But this one is of great importance.
    If, as you say it was openly declared back in '17, then this still doesn't preclude that it may have been presented to the public after the fact as having been done in secret, or of it having been done by & for Jewish interests and not British High Command. (Being Jewish, I think I can freely suggest that). After all, wtf did Lord Rothschild have to do with war planning? And it would make a great "what were they thinking" question if they didn't take German reaction into account either way.
    Or maybe they did. See? That's how people can distort things after the fact by putting their own later conclusions before the facts.
    Anyhow, if you know of anyone who has done this, or are willing to look into it yourselves, please let me know. My own searches are getting nowhere. Thanks. This whole series is AWESOME!!! ; )

  77. Mike 1958 says:

    Baptism Of Fire

  78. durand4l says:

    2:07 Is that the same Alan Brooke who was 1st Viscount and had Haig’s job during WWII?

  79. Cybermat47 says:

    A distant relative of mine, Scotty Bolton, was at Beersheeba. He was an Australian Light Horseman who managed to stop the Germans from destroying the water supplies, and captured a horse-drawn Ottoman artillery gun along with its crew.

  80. Peace-Of-Mind says:

    Commonwealth War Graves Commission database is showing for British (army) losses in Oct 1917: 37,437 military deaths of which 30,328 in Belgium, 3,730 in France, 1,007 in Middle East and 184 in Greece. The rest of death either in Britain (941), Africa (722) or India (99). Total 5,764 Australian and 2,410 Canadian army soldiers deceased in Oct 1917.

  81. lecu1967 says:

    Those Americans would have been better served being integrated with existing Allied units but Pershing was totally against that

  82. mikiroony says:

    Let's be positive about Italy: the Isonzo is far behind the front now.

  83. Christopher Morton says:

    Watching this episode I had to stop and watch The Light Hosemen, the 87 Austrian film (part of their WW1 series including Gallipoli). Great movie (the soldier and nurse are based on real people), which includes the rouse by the intelligence officer and the charge. Worth watching!

    One of the few true "cavalry" charges that bring success in the war.

  84. MonashSQ says:

    Beersheba the last successful cavalry charge in history, of course carried out by the Aussie lighthouse and those magnificent walers.

  85. Jose Mejias says:

    Dude, thank you for this… just stumbled across this. Just mind blown dude! I have family and friends on both sides of the war… this is just awesome, speechless man

  86. Matthew Scott says:

    12/16th Hunter River lancers, Xth light horse. And the last great cavalry charge in modern warfare. Perhaps you could cover this in out of the trenches?

  87. andrew strongman says:

    Your argument about training is not very convincing. Australian troops were considered an untrained and undisciplined rabble by the British. Still, if Monash had been in command of the Gallipoli operation it would have succeeded. In France, the German troops soon learned to fear Australian forces due to their habit of conducting raids at night. The 1st AIF was not formed from ANZACs, and they only ever lost significant numbers when involved in major offensives. Bush-skills such as shooting aside, attitude made the difference. The American troops were like children when they first arrived on the front line.

  88. FailedLeopard says:

    Hold up, no more battles of the Isonzo river, and successful cavalry charges? What is this? 1817?

  89. Iconoclasticnation says:

    Re: the capture of Beersheba, please mention the Australian officers responsible, Brigadier Grant, 4th Brigade Australian Light Horse Commander, and Lt Gen Harry Chauvel commander of the Desert Mounted Corps, and senior officer of the Australian Light Horse. Gen Chauvel also played a critical role in the victory at the Battle of Megiddo in 1918, as all British and Empire Cavalry and Mounted infantry were under his command.

  90. Submarine in the Sky says:

    Forward, we'll take beersheba, spur up and on light horsemen
    ride on through dust and bullets, 'til we take beersheba

  91. puppyflight says:

    The United States Marine corps rewrote the end of the song Over Their with these words "AND WE WON'T BE BACK WE'LL BE BURIED OVER THEIR"

  92. Gordon Coutts says:

    Important point that you made there regarding the American troops. The Allies had been learning the hard lessons since the start of the war. The Americans had to learn for themselves, but there was plenty of experience around from which to draw from. But were the U.S officers also to blame, were they unwilling to take instruction from from either the French, the English, the Australians, the Canadians, the Kiwis or whoever else? Was it a matter of 'We are Americans and we take instructions from no one'. That's my perception but I stand to be corrected.

  93. Eliad654 says:

    It's Be'er-Sheva, and it's placed in the wrong place on the map at 4:00. But I know it's hard to get that sort of stuff right, and I very much appreciate the effort 🙂

  94. AgainstTheSystem .ATS says:

    Ohoohoo..a letter to a banker!!The biggest banker that is……..what a democracy… ahaha
    "nothing shall be done to prejudice the civil and religious rights of non-jewish communities in Palestine" …pls tell this to Israel.They forgot ….. … bankers have a short memory when things are against their interests.

  95. Wayne Haile says:

    It was Australian light horse that took Beersheba 1917.

  96. ComradeWinston says:

    Haig probably shed a tear after hearing about that one.

  97. Drkirk Alsuri says:

    Rothschild… the richest family in the world

  98. Drkirk Alsuri says:

    by the way Mr. Nidelle could you make special episode about Balfour's declaration & Rothschild

  99. Meme Central says:

    Turks have been bamboozled

    Also why didn't Haig serve in Middle East – he would be so happy to see cavalry exploiting the advance

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